Mar
2015

Achaikos (Achaicus)

Mentioned just once in the New Testament, “Achaikos” (Achaicus) was a Christian from Corinth. He, along with Stephanas and Fortunatus, visited the Apostle Paul in Ephesus (1 Cor. 16:171 Cor. 16:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 And I rejoice at the coming of Stephanas and Fortunatus and Achaicus: for that which was lacking on your part they supplied.

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Mar
2015

“Achaia”

Referred to in Rom. 15:26; 16:5Rom. 15:26; 16:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 For it hath been the good pleasure of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor among the saints that are at Jerusalem. 5 and salute the church that is in their house. Salute Epaenetus my beloved, who is the first-fruits of Asia unto Christ.

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; 1 Cor. 16:151 Cor. 16:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 Now I beseech you, brethren ,

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; 2 Cor. 1:1; 9:2; 11:102 Cor. 1:1; 9:2; 11:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

The Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians 1 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints that are in the whole of Achaia: 2 for I know your readiness, of which I glory on your behalf to them of Macedonia, that Achaia hath been prepared for a year past; and your zeal hath stirred up very many of them. 10 As the truth of Christ is in me, no man shall stop me of this glorying in the regions of Achaia.

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; 1 Thess. 1:7-81 Thess. 1:7-8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 so that ye became an ensample to all that believe in Macedonia and in Achaia. 8 For from you hath sounded forth the word of the Lord, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but in every place your faith to God-ward is gone forth; so that we need not to speak anything.

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, “Achaia” was a province of Rome that included Greece. In Rom. 15:26Rom. 15:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 For it hath been the good pleasure of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor among the saints that are at Jerusalem.

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this name describes the people who lived in this area.

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphonos”

Found just four times in the New Testament (Acts 8:32Acts 8:32
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

32 Now the passage of the Scripture which he was reading was this, He was led as a sheep to the slaughter; And as a lamb before his shearer is dumb, So he openeth not his mouth:

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; 1 Cor. 12:2; 14:10; 21 Cor. 12:2; 14:10; 2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Ye know that when ye were Gentiles ye were led away unto those dumb idols, howsoever ye might led. 10 There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and no kind is without signification. 2 1 And I, brethren, when I came unto you, came not with excellency of speech or of wisdom, proclaiming to you the testimony of God. 2 For I determined not to know anything among you, save Jesus Christ, and him crucified. 3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling. 4 And my speech and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power: 5 that your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God. 6 We speak wisdom, however, among them that are fullgrown: yet a wisdom not of this world, nor of the rulers of this world, who are coming to nought: 7 but we speak God's wisdom in a mystery, even the wisdom that hath been hidden, which God foreordained before the worlds unto our glory: 8 which none of the rulers of this world hath known: for had they known it, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory: 9 but as it is written, Things which eye saw not, and ear heard not, And which entered not into the heart of man, Whatsoever things God prepared for them that love him. 10 But unto us God revealed them through the Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. 11 For who among men knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of the man, which is in him? even so the things of God none knoweth, save the Spirit of God. 12 But we received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is from God; that we might know the things that were freely given to us of God. 13 Which things also we speak, not in words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Spirit teacheth; combining spiritual things with spiritual words. 14 Now the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him; and he cannot know them, because they are spiritually judged. 15 But he that is spiritual judgeth all things, and he himself is judged of no man. 16 For who hath known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him? But we have the mind of Christ.

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Pet. 2:16), the Greek adjective “aphonos” meant “unable to speak,” “dumb,” “silent.”

Lambs are “silent” before their shearers (Acts 8:32Acts 8:32
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

32 Now the passage of the Scripture which he was reading was this, He was led as a sheep to the slaughter; And as a lamb before his shearer is dumb, So he openeth not his mouth:

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and compare Isa. 53:7Isa. 53:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 He was oppressed, yet when he was afflicted he opened not his mouth; as a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and as a sheep that before its shearers is dumb, so he opened not his mouth.

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). In 1 Cor. 12:21 Cor. 12:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Ye know that when ye were Gentiles ye were led away unto those dumb idols, howsoever ye might led.

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Paul used this word to say idols are “dumb” (unable to speak). In 1 Cor. 14:101 Cor. 14:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 There are, it may be, so many kinds of voices in the world, and no kind is without signification.

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he used this term again to say no language in the world is “without a clear meaning” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:185). Peter spoke of Balaam’s “dumb” donkey (2 Pet. 2:162 Pet. 2:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 but he was rebuked for his own transgression: a dumb ass spake with man's voice and stayed the madness of the prophet.

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Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphustereo”

Found just once in some of our manuscripts, the Greek verb “aphustereo” is a variant for “apostereo” in Jas. 5:4Jas. 5:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who mowed your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth out: and the cries of them that reaped have entered into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth.

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. This term may be defined as “withhold.” Wealthy people were “withholding” wages from laborers and James said God was aware of this dishonesty.  This verse reminds us that God is aware of (knows) all things.

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphupnoo”

Found just once in the New Testament (Lk. 8:23Lk. 8:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filling with water, and were in jeopardy.

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), the Greek verb “aphupnoo” meant “fall asleep.” While in the stern of a boat which was crossing the Sea of Galilee Jesus “fell asleep.” This is one of the many ways to illustrate Jesus’ ability to truly identify with man.

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphrosune”

Found only in Mk. 7:22Mk. 7:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 covetings, wickednesses, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, railing, pride, foolishness:

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; 2 Cor. 11:1, 17, 212 Cor. 11:1, 17, 21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 1 Would that ye could bear with me in a little foolishness: but indeed ye do bear with me. 17 That which I speak, I speak not after the Lord, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of glorying. 21 I speak by way of disparagement, as though we had been weak. Yet whereinsoever any is bold , I am bold also.

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, the Greek noun “aphrosune” meant “folly,” “foolishness,” “foolishly,” “senselessness.”

Some hearts are filled with “foolishness” and it shows (Mk. 7:22Mk. 7:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 covetings, wickednesses, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, railing, pride, foolishness:

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). The Corinthians needed some correction and Paul said he needed to engage in some “foolish” speech to help them see what was right (2 Cor. 11:1, 17, 212 Cor. 11:1, 17, 21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 1 Would that ye could bear with me in a little foolishness: but indeed ye do bear with me. 17 That which I speak, I speak not after the Lord, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of glorying. 21 I speak by way of disparagement, as though we had been weak. Yet whereinsoever any is bold , I am bold also.

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Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphron”

Found in Lk. 11:40; 12:20Lk. 11:40; 12:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

40 Ye foolish ones, did not he that made the outside make the inside also? 20 But God said unto him, Thou foolish one, this night is thy soul required of thee; and the things which thou hast prepared, whose shall they be?

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; Rom. 2:20Rom. 2:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having in the law the form of knowledge and of the truth;

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; 1 Cor. 15:361 Cor. 15:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 Thou foolish one, that which thou thyself sowest is not quickened except it die:

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; 2 Cor. 11:16, 19; 12:6, 112 Cor. 11:16, 19; 12:6, 11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 I say again, let no man think me foolish; but if ye do, yet as foolish receive me, that I also may glory a little. 19 For ye bear with the foolish gladly, being wise yourselves. 6 For if I should desire to glory, I shall not be foolish; for I shall speak the truth: but I forbear, lest any man should account of me above that which he seeth me to be, or heareth from me. 11 I am become foolish: ye compelled me; for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing was I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I am nothing.

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; Eph. 5:17Eph. 5:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Wherefore be ye not foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is.

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; 1 Pet. 2:151 Pet. 2:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 For so is the will of God, that by well-doing ye should put to silence the ignorance of foolish men:

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, the Greek adjective “aphron” meant “rash,” “foolish,” “inconsiderate.”

When Jesus interacted with people who were inwardly corrupt but outwardly righteous He described them as “foolish” (Lk. 11:40Lk. 11:40
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

40 Ye foolish ones, did not he that made the outside make the inside also?

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). The rich farmer who felt secure in his wealth was “foolish.” God’s people regarded themselves as correctors of the “foolish” (Rom. 2:20Rom. 2:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having in the law the form of knowledge and of the truth;

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). Some have acted foolishly when it comes to believing in a future resurrection (1 Cor. 15:361 Cor. 15:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 Thou foolish one, that which thou thyself sowest is not quickened except it die:

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). God does not want His people to be “unwise” (Eph. 5:17Eph. 5:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Wherefore be ye not foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is.

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). Living the Christian life can help silence “foolish” men (1 Pet. 2:151 Pet. 2:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 For so is the will of God, that by well-doing ye should put to silence the ignorance of foolish men:

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Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphros”

Found just once in the New Testament (Lk. 9:39Lk. 9:39
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

39 and behold, a spirit taketh him, and he suddenly crieth out; and it teareth him that he foameth, and it hardly departeth from him, bruising him sorely.

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) and similar to the Greek verb “aphrizo,” the Greek noun “aphros” meant “foam.” This term was sometimes used in medical discussions about epileptics.

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphrizo”

Found only in Mk. 9:18, 20Mk. 9:18, 20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 and wheresoever it taketh him, it dasheth him down: and he foameth, and grindeth his teeth, and pineth away: and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast it out; and they were not able. 20 And they brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare him grievously; and he fell on the ground, and wallowed foaming.

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, the Greek verb “aphrizo” meant “foam at the mouth.” A mute boy who was possessed by an evil spirit and who “foamed at the mouth” (Mk. 9:18, 20Mk. 9:18, 20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 and wheresoever it taketh him, it dasheth him down: and he foameth, and grindeth his teeth, and pineth away: and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast it out; and they were not able. 20 And they brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare him grievously; and he fell on the ground, and wallowed foaming.

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) was healed by Jesus.