Jul
2014

The Greek word “asthenes”

In Matthew, Mark, Luke and Acts, the Greek adjective “asthenes” almost always describes some type of physical weakness (compare Mt. 25:39, 43-44Mt. 25:39, 43-44
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

39 And when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? 43 I was a stranger, and ye took me not in; naked, and ye clothed me not; sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. 44 Then shall they also answer, saying, Lord, when saw we thee hungry, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee?

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; Mk. 14:38Mk. 14:38
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

38 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.

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; Lk. 10:9Lk. 10:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 and heal the sick that are therein, and say unto them, The kingdom of God is come nigh unto you.

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; Acts 4:9; 5:15-16Acts 4:9; 5:15-16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 if we this day are examined concerning a good deed done to an impotent man, by what means this man is made whole; 15 insomuch that they even carried out the sick into the streets, and laid them on beds and couches, that, as Peter came by, at the least his shadow might overshadow some one of them. 16 And there also came together the multitudes from the cities round about Jerusalem, bring sick folk, and them that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed every one.

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).

Peter described women as the “weaker” gender (1 Pet. 3:71 Pet. 3:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 Ye husbands, in like manner, dwell with your wives according to knowledge, giving honor unto the woman, as unto the weaker vessel, as being also joint-heirs of the grace of life; to the end that your prayers be not hindered.

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), and Paul’s personal appearance at Corinth is described as “weak” (2 Cor. 10:102 Cor. 10:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 For, His letters, they say, are weighty and strong; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech of no account.

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).  God often uses the “weak” things of this world to accomplish His will (1 Cor. 1:271 Cor. 1:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 but God chose the foolish things of the world, that he might put to shame them that are wise; and God chose the weak things of the world, that he might put to shame the things that are strong;

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) and tells His people to support the “weak” (1 Thess. 5:141 Thess. 5:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 And we exhort you, brethren, admonish the disorderly, encourage the fainthearted, support the weak, be longsuffering toward all.

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).

Jul
2014

The Greek word “asthenema”

Found just once in the New Testament (Rom. 15:1Rom. 15:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 1 Now we that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves.

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), the Greek noun “asthenema” meant “infirmity” or “weakness.”

Aristotle used this word to describe “sickness,” but in Rom. 15:1Rom. 15:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 1 Now we that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves.

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a helpful definition is “powerless.”  Paul spoke of a Christian whose conscience had not reached the same level of spiritual maturity as others, and should thus be viewed as “weak” in one or more areas involving matters of personal judgment.

Jul
2014

The Greek word “astheneo”

Related to the noun “astheneia,” the verb “astheneo” described weakness and sickness.  Verses that use this term literally include Mt. 10:8; 25:36Mt. 10:8; 25:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, cast out demons: freely ye received, freely give. 36 naked, and ye clothed me; I was sick, and ye visited me; I was in prison, and ye came unto me.

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; Mk. 6:56Mk. 6:56
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

56 And wheresoever he entered, into villages, or into cities, or into the country, they laid the sick in the marketplaces, and besought him that they might touch if it were but the border of his garment: and as many as touched him were made whole.

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; Lk. 9:2Lk. 9:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And he sent them forth to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick.

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; Jn. 4:46; 5:3, 7; 11:1-3Jn. 4:46; 5:3, 7; 11:1-3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

46 He came therefore again unto Cana of Galilee, where he made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman, whose son was sick at Capernaum. 3 In these lay a multitude of them that were sick, blind, halt, withered, [waiting for the moving of the water. 11 1 Now a certain man was sick, Lazarus of Bethany, of the village of Mary and her sister Martha. 2 And it was that Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick. 3 The sisters therefore sent unto him, saying, Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick.

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; Acts 9:37; 19:12Acts 9:37; 19:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

37 And it came to pass in those days, that she fell sick, and died: and when they had washed her, they laid her in an upper chamber. 12 insomuch that unto the sick were carried away from his body handkerchiefs or aprons, and the evil spirits went out.

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; Phil. 2:26Phil. 2:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 since he longed after you all, and was sore troubled, because ye had heard that he was sick:

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; 2 Tim. 4:202 Tim. 4:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 Erastus remained at Corinth: but Trophimus I left at Miletus sick.

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.  Texts which use this word figuratively to describe a spiritually weakened condition, including a “weak conscience,” include Rom. 14:1-2Rom. 14:1-2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 1 But him that is weak in faith receive ye, yet not for decision of scruples. 2 One man hath faith to eat all things: but he that is weak eateth herbs.

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; 1 Cor. 8:11-121 Cor. 8:11-12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 For through thy knowledge he that is weak perisheth, the brother for whose sake Christ died. 12 And thus, sinning against the brethren, and wounding their conscience when it is weak, ye sin against Christ.

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; 2 Cor. 13:32 Cor. 13:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 seeing that ye seek a proof of Christ that speaketh in me; who to you-ward is not weak, but is powerful in you:

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.

Jul
2014

The Greek word “astheneia”

Found in Matthew, Luke, John, Acts, Romans, First Corinthians, Second Corinthians, Galatians, First Timothy and Hebrews, the Greek noun “astheneia” described sickness or weakness.  Jesus took on man’s “infirmities” (Mt. 8:17Mt. 8:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying: Himself took our infirmities, and bare our diseases.

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).  John (5:5) spoke of how a man had been sick for thirty-eight years.  Paul spoke of the Holy Spirit helping “infirmities” in prayer (Rom. 8:26Rom. 8:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 And in like manner the Spirit also helpeth our infirmity: for we know not how to pray as we ought; but the Spirit himself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered;

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).  Paul was with the Corinthians in “weakness” (1 Cor. 2:31 Cor. 2:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 And I was with you in weakness, and in fear, and in much trembling.

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).  It is possible for strength to be made perfect in “weakness” (2 Cor. 12:92 Cor. 12:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 And he hath said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my power is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my weaknesses, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.

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).  Some are often sick (1 Tim. 5:231 Tim. 5:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 Be no longer a drinker of water, but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities.

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).

Jul
2014

“Aser”

Found just twice in the New Testament (Lk. 2:36Lk. 2:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher (she was of a great age, having lived with a husband seven years from her virginity,

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; Rev. 7:6Rev. 7:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 Of the tribe of Asher twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand;

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), “Aser” (Asher in English) was one of the “twelve tribes” mentioned in Rev. 7:6Rev. 7:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 Of the tribe of Asher twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand; Of the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand;

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and the tribe from which Anna the prophetess (Lk. 2:36Lk. 2:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher (she was of a great age, having lived with a husband seven years from her virginity,

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) came.

Jul
2014

The Greek word “asemos”

Found just once in the New Testament (Acts 21:39Acts 21:39
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

39 But Paul said, I am a Jew, of Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city: and I beseech thee, give me leave to speak unto the people.

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), the Greek adjective “asemos” meant “insignificant” or “obscure.”  Paul said the city of Tarsus was not an “insignificant” city (the KJV translates this term “mean”).  Because Paul came from a city which was considered noteworthy, he asked for permission to address the people.

Jul
2014

The Greek word “aselgeia”

Found ten times in the New Testament (Mk. 7:22Mk. 7:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 covetings, wickednesses, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, railing, pride, foolishness:

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; Rom. 13:13Rom. 13:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 Let us walk becomingly, as in the day; not in revelling and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and jealousy.

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; 2 Cor. 12:212 Cor. 12:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

21 lest again when I come my God should humble me before you, and I should mourn for many of them that have sinned heretofore, and repented not of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they committed.

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; Gal. 5:19Gal. 5:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these: fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

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; Eph. 4:19Eph. 4:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 who being past feeling gave themselves up to lasciviousness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.

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; 1 Pet. 4:3; 21 Pet. 4:3; 2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 For the time past may suffice to have wrought the desire of the Gentiles, and to have walked in lasciviousness, lusts, winebibbings, revellings, carousings, and abominable idolatries: 2 1 Putting away therefore all wickedness, and all guile, and hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil speakings, 2 as newborn babes, long for the spiritual milk which is without guile, that ye may grow thereby unto salvation; 3 if ye have tasted that the Lord is gracious: 4 unto whom coming, a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but with God elect, precious, 5 ye also, as living stones, are built up a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. 6 Because it is contained in scripture, Behold, I lay in Zion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: And he that believeth on him shall not be put to shame. 7 For you therefore that believe is the preciousness: but for such as disbelieve, The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the head of the corner; 8 and, A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence; for they stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed. 9 But ye are a elect race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God's own possession, that ye may show forth the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: 10 who in time past were no people, but now are the people of God: who had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy. 11 Beloved, I beseech you as sojourners and pilgrims, to abstain from fleshly lust, which war against the soul; 12 having your behavior seemly among the Gentiles; that, wherein they speak against you as evil-doers, they may by your good works, which they behold, glorify God in the day of visitation. 13 Be subject to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether to the king, as supreme; 14 or unto governors, as sent by him for vengeance on evil-doers and for praise to them that do well. 15 For so is the will of God, that by well-doing ye should put to silence the ignorance of foolish men: 16 as free, and not using your freedom for a cloak of wickedness, but as bondservants of God. 17 Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king. 18 Servants, be in subjection to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. 19 For this is acceptable, if for conscience toward God a man endureth griefs, suffering wrongfully. 20 For what glory is it, if, when ye sin, and are buffeted for it, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye shall take it patiently, this is acceptable with God. 21 For hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, that ye should follow his steps: 22 who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: 23 who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously: 24 who his own self bare our sins in his body upon the tree, that we, having died unto sins, might live unto righteousness; by whose stripes ye were healed. 25 For ye were going astray like sheep; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

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Pet. 2:2, 7, 18; Jude 4), the Greek noun “aselgeia” described lasciviousness, wantonness, and sensuality.  Barclay (New Testament Words, p. 60) said in many ways this term “is the ugliest word in the list of NT sins.”  This type of person has little to no interest in hiding sin as the only thing that matters is satisfying a lust or desire.  In further commenting on this word Barclay, p. 62, said aselgeia “is a grim word.  It is the wanton insolence that is lost to shame.  It is a grim commentary on human nature that a man can be so mastered by sin that in the end he loses even shame.”

Jul
2014

The Greek word “asebes”

Found ten times in the New Testament (Rom. 4:5; 5:6Rom. 4:5; 5:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is reckoned for righteousness. 6 For while we were yet weak, in due season Christ died for the ungodly.

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; 1 Tim. 1:9; 11 Tim. 1:9; 1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 as knowing this, that law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and unruly, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, The First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy 1 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus according to the commandment of God our Saviour, and Christ Jesus our hope; 2 unto Timothy, my true child in faith: Grace, mercy, peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord. 3 As I exhorted thee to tarry at Ephesus, when I was going into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge certain men not to teach a different doctrine, 4 neither to give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questionings, rather than a dispensation of God which is in faith; so do I now. 5 But the end of the charge is love out of a pure heart and a good conscience and faith unfeigned: 6 from which things some having swerved have turned aside unto vain talking; 7 desiring to be teachers of the law, though they understand neither what they say, nor whereof they confidently affirm. 8 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully, 9 as knowing this, that law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and unruly, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, 10 for fornicators, for abusers of themselves with men, for menstealers, for liars, for false swearers, and if there be any other thing contrary to the sound doctrine; 11 according to the gospel of the glory of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust. 12 I thank him that enabled me, even Christ Jesus our Lord, for that he counted me faithful, appointing me to his service; 13 though I was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: howbeit I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief; 14 and the grace of our Lord abounded exceedingly with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. 15 Faithful is the saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief: 16 howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me as chief might Jesus Christ show forth all his longsuffering, for an ensample of them that should thereafter believe on him unto eternal life. 17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen. 18 This charge I commit unto thee, my child Timothy, according to the prophecies which led the way to thee, that by them thou mayest war the good warfare; 19 holding faith and a good conscience; which some having thrust from them made shipwreck concerning the faith: 20 of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I delivered unto Satan, that they might be taught not to blaspheme.

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Pet. 4:18; 2 Pet. 2:5-6; 3:72 Pet. 2:5-6; 3:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 and spared not the ancient world, but preserved Noah with seven others, a preacher of righteousness, when he brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly; 6 and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, having made them an example unto those that should live ungodly; 7 but the heavens that now are, and the earth, by the same word have been stored up for fire, being reserved against the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.

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; Jude 4, 15Jude 4, 15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

Izbrano poglavje ne obstaja!

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a, 15b), the Greek adjective “asebes” meant “ungodly.”  Like the noun “asebeia” and the verb “asebeo,” this adjective described people with little to no reverence for God.

God can justify the “ungodly” if they will obey Him (Rom. 4:5; 5:6Rom. 4:5; 5:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is reckoned for righteousness. 6 For while we were yet weak, in due season Christ died for the ungodly.

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).  If men refuse to embrace God’s will, they will fare no better than the “ungodly” who died in the ancient flood and those who perished in the area of Sodom and Gomorrah (2 Pet. 2:5-62 Pet. 2:5-6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 and spared not the ancient world, but preserved Noah with seven others, a preacher of righteousness, when he brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly; 6 and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, having made them an example unto those that should live ungodly;

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).  God says He will deal with the ungodly (2 Pet. 3:72 Pet. 3:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 but the heavens that now are, and the earth, by the same word have been stored up for fire, being reserved against the day of judgment and destruction of ungodly men.

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).

Jul
2014

The Greek word “asebeo”

Found just twice in the New Testament (2 Pet. 2:62 Pet. 2:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, having made them an example unto those that should live ungodly;

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; Jude 15), the Greek verb “asebeo” meant “ungodly.”  The fate of those in Sodom and Gomorrah helps illustrate the destiny of the “ungodly” (2 Pet. 2:62 Pet. 2:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 and turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, having made them an example unto those that should live ungodly;

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), and the short letter by Jude has many things to say about the “ungodly.”

Jul
2014

The Greek word “asebeia”

Found just six times in the New Testament (Rom. 1:18; 11:26Rom. 1:18; 11:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hinder the truth in unrighteousness; 26 and so all Israel shall be saved: even as it is written, There shall come out of Zion the Deliverer; He shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:

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; 2 Tim. 2:162 Tim. 2:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 But shun profane babblings: for they will proceed further in ungodliness,

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; Tit. 2:12Tit. 2:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 instructing us, to the intent that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly and righteously and godly in this present world;

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; Jude 15, 18Jude 15, 18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

Izbrano poglavje ne obstaja!

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), the Greek noun “asebeia” described ungodliness, wickedness, irreligion, and a lack of reverence for God. The person guilty of this sin disregards both the person and law of God.  Trench (p. 242) defined asebeia as “positive and active irreligion, and this contemplated as a deliberate withholding from God of his dues of prayer and of service, a standing, so to speak, in battle array against him.”