Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphustereo”

Found just once in some of our manuscripts, the Greek verb “aphustereo” is a variant for “apostereo” in Jas. 5:4Jas. 5:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who mowed your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth out: and the cries of them that reaped have entered into the ears of the Lord of Sabaoth.

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. This term may be defined as “withhold.” Wealthy people were “withholding” wages from laborers and James said God was aware of this dishonesty.  This verse reminds us that God is aware of (knows) all things.

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphupnoo”

Found just once in the New Testament (Lk. 8:23Lk. 8:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filling with water, and were in jeopardy.

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), the Greek verb “aphupnoo” meant “fall asleep.” While in the stern of a boat which was crossing the Sea of Galilee Jesus “fell asleep.” This is one of the many ways to illustrate Jesus’ ability to truly identify with man.

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphrosune”

Found only in Mk. 7:22Mk. 7:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 covetings, wickednesses, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, railing, pride, foolishness:

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; 2 Cor. 11:1, 17, 212 Cor. 11:1, 17, 21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 1 Would that ye could bear with me in a little foolishness: but indeed ye do bear with me. 17 That which I speak, I speak not after the Lord, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of glorying. 21 I speak by way of disparagement, as though we had been weak. Yet whereinsoever any is bold , I am bold also.

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, the Greek noun “aphrosune” meant “folly,” “foolishness,” “foolishly,” “senselessness.”

Some hearts are filled with “foolishness” and it shows (Mk. 7:22Mk. 7:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 covetings, wickednesses, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, railing, pride, foolishness:

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). The Corinthians needed some correction and Paul said he needed to engage in some “foolish” speech to help them see what was right (2 Cor. 11:1, 17, 212 Cor. 11:1, 17, 21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 1 Would that ye could bear with me in a little foolishness: but indeed ye do bear with me. 17 That which I speak, I speak not after the Lord, but as in foolishness, in this confidence of glorying. 21 I speak by way of disparagement, as though we had been weak. Yet whereinsoever any is bold , I am bold also.

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).

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphron”

Found in Lk. 11:40; 12:20Lk. 11:40; 12:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

40 Ye foolish ones, did not he that made the outside make the inside also? 20 But God said unto him, Thou foolish one, this night is thy soul required of thee; and the things which thou hast prepared, whose shall they be?

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; Rom. 2:20Rom. 2:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having in the law the form of knowledge and of the truth;

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; 1 Cor. 15:361 Cor. 15:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 Thou foolish one, that which thou thyself sowest is not quickened except it die:

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; 2 Cor. 11:16, 19; 12:6, 112 Cor. 11:16, 19; 12:6, 11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 I say again, let no man think me foolish; but if ye do, yet as foolish receive me, that I also may glory a little. 19 For ye bear with the foolish gladly, being wise yourselves. 6 For if I should desire to glory, I shall not be foolish; for I shall speak the truth: but I forbear, lest any man should account of me above that which he seeth me to be, or heareth from me. 11 I am become foolish: ye compelled me; for I ought to have been commended of you: for in nothing was I behind the very chiefest apostles, though I am nothing.

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; Eph. 5:17Eph. 5:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Wherefore be ye not foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is.

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; 1 Pet. 2:151 Pet. 2:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 For so is the will of God, that by well-doing ye should put to silence the ignorance of foolish men:

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, the Greek adjective “aphron” meant “rash,” “foolish,” “inconsiderate.”

When Jesus interacted with people who were inwardly corrupt but outwardly righteous He described them as “foolish” (Lk. 11:40Lk. 11:40
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

40 Ye foolish ones, did not he that made the outside make the inside also?

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). The rich farmer who felt secure in his wealth was “foolish.” God’s people regarded themselves as correctors of the “foolish” (Rom. 2:20Rom. 2:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having in the law the form of knowledge and of the truth;

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). Some have acted foolishly when it comes to believing in a future resurrection (1 Cor. 15:361 Cor. 15:36
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

36 Thou foolish one, that which thou thyself sowest is not quickened except it die:

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). God does not want His people to be “unwise” (Eph. 5:17Eph. 5:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Wherefore be ye not foolish, but understand what the will of the Lord is.

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). Living the Christian life can help silence “foolish” men (1 Pet. 2:151 Pet. 2:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 For so is the will of God, that by well-doing ye should put to silence the ignorance of foolish men:

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).

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphros”

Found just once in the New Testament (Lk. 9:39Lk. 9:39
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

39 and behold, a spirit taketh him, and he suddenly crieth out; and it teareth him that he foameth, and it hardly departeth from him, bruising him sorely.

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) and similar to the Greek verb “aphrizo,” the Greek noun “aphros” meant “foam.” This term was sometimes used in medical discussions about epileptics.

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphrizo”

Found only in Mk. 9:18, 20Mk. 9:18, 20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 and wheresoever it taketh him, it dasheth him down: and he foameth, and grindeth his teeth, and pineth away: and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast it out; and they were not able. 20 And they brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare him grievously; and he fell on the ground, and wallowed foaming.

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, the Greek verb “aphrizo” meant “foam at the mouth.” A mute boy who was possessed by an evil spirit and who “foamed at the mouth” (Mk. 9:18, 20Mk. 9:18, 20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 and wheresoever it taketh him, it dasheth him down: and he foameth, and grindeth his teeth, and pineth away: and I spake to thy disciples that they should cast it out; and they were not able. 20 And they brought him unto him: and when he saw him, straightway the spirit tare him grievously; and he fell on the ground, and wallowed foaming.

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) was healed by Jesus.

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphorme”

Found in Rom. 7:8, 11Rom. 7:8, 11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 but sin, finding occasion, wrought in me through the commandment all manner of coveting: for apart from the law sin is dead. 11 for sin, finding occasion, through the commandment beguiled me, and through it slew me.

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; 2 Cor. 5:12; 11:122 Cor. 5:12; 11:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 We are not again commending ourselves unto you, but speak as giving you occasion of glorying on our behalf, that ye may have wherewith to answer them that glory in appearance, and not in heart. 12 But what I do, that I will do, that I may cut off occasion from them that desire an occasion; that wherein they glory, they may be found even as we.

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; Gal. 5:13Gal. 5:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 For ye, brethren, were called for freedom; only use not your freedom for an occasion to the flesh, but through love be servants one to another.

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; 1 Tim. 5:141 Tim. 5:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 I desire therefore that the younger widows marry, bear children, rule the household, give no occasion to the adversary for reviling:

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, the Greek noun “aphorme” meant “occasion” or “opportunity.” Paul was the only New Testament writer to use this term and this word is used positively and negatively in the New Testament. Positively, this word means “an opportunity for boasting in 2 Cor. 5:122 Cor. 5:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 We are not again commending ourselves unto you, but speak as giving you occasion of glorying on our behalf, that ye may have wherewith to answer them that glory in appearance, and not in heart.

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, and in the negative sense of the point of departure (RSV ‘claim’) of Paul’s opponents in 11:12” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:184).

In Gal. 5:13Gal. 5:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 For ye, brethren, were called for freedom; only use not your freedom for an occasion to the flesh, but through love be servants one to another.

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Paul spoke about an “occasion” or “opportunity” for the flesh (doing wrong). H also warned young widows (1 Tim. 5:141 Tim. 5:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 I desire therefore that the younger widows marry, bear children, rule the household, give no occasion to the adversary for reviling:

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) about evil “opportunities.” In Rom. 7:8, 11Rom. 7:8, 11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 but sin, finding occasion, wrought in me through the commandment all manner of coveting: for apart from the law sin is dead. 11 for sin, finding occasion, through the commandment beguiled me, and through it slew me.

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this term is associated with sin.

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphorizo”

Found in Mt. 13:49; 25:32Mt. 13:49; 25:32
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

49 So shall it be in the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the righteous, 32 and before him shall be gathered all the nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats;

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; Lk. 6:22Lk. 6:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.

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; Acts 13:2; 19:9Acts 13:2; 19:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And as they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. 9 But when some were hardened and disobedient, speaking evil of the Way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, reasoning daily in the school of Tyrannus.

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; Rom. 1:1Rom. 1:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans 1 1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,

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; 2 Cor. 6:172 Cor. 6:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Wherefore Come ye out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, And touch no unclean thing; And I will receive you,

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; Gal. 1:15; 2:12Gal. 1:15; 2:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 But when it was the good pleasure of God, who separated me, even from my mother's womb, and called me through his grace, 12 For before that certain came from James, he ate with the Gentiles; but when they came, he drew back and separated himself, fearing them that were of the circumcision.

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), the Greek verb “aphorizo” meant “separate,” “separate from,” “excommunicate.”

This verb “is always concerned with separating. The good are separated from the evil (Mt. 13:49; 25:32Mt. 13:49; 25:32
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

49 So shall it be in the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the righteous, 32 and before him shall be gathered all the nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as the shepherd separateth the sheep from the goats;

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). The unbelievers exclude the believers (Lk. 6:22Lk. 6:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man's sake.

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), and conversely the church withdraws from unbelief (Acts 19:9Acts 19:9
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

9 But when some were hardened and disobedient, speaking evil of the Way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, reasoning daily in the school of Tyrannus.

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; 2 Cor. 6:172 Cor. 6:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Wherefore Come ye out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, And touch no unclean thing; And I will receive you,

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)” (Dictionary of New Testament Theology, 1:473). We also find this word meaning things like “appoint” or “determine.” Paul knew he had been “set apart” for the gospel (Rom. 1:1Rom. 1:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans 1 1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,

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; Gal. 1:15Gal. 1:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 But when it was the good pleasure of God, who separated me, even from my mother's womb, and called me through his grace,

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). Rather than appoint himself an apostle, Paul said God had set him apart for this unique role in the church (Acts 13:2Acts 13:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And as they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Spirit said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them.

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).

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphorao”

Found just once in the New Testament (Heb. 12:2Heb. 12:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 looking unto Jesus the author and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising shame, and hath sat down at the right hand of the throne of God.

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), the Greek verb “aphorao” meant “fix one’s eyes on.” The image is “of a race on a track, of trustingly fixing one’s eyes on Jesus” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:183).

Feb
2015

The Greek word “aphomoioo”

Found just once in the New Testament (Heb. 7:3Heb. 7:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of God), abideth a priest continually.

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), the Greek verb “aphomoioo” meant “make similar to.”

Kenneth Wuest tried to describe this verb with this expanded translation: “For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of God the Most High, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him, to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all; the first designation on the one hand being interpreted means king of righteousness, and then, on the other hand [he was] also king of Salem which is king of peace, fatherless, motherless, having no genealogy, having no beginning of days nor termination of life, but likened [in these respects in the historical record] to the Son of God, remains a priest continually.”