Sep
2014

The Greek noun “astron”

****This will be the last study till 9/23*****

Found just four times in the New Testament (Lk. 21:25Lk. 21:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 And there shall be signs in sun and moon and stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, in perplexity for the roaring of the sea and the billows;

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; Acts 7:43; 27:20Acts 7:43; 27:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

43 And ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, And the star of the god Rephan, The figures which ye made to worship them: And I will carry you away beyond Babylon. 20 And when neither sun nor stars shone upon us for many days, and no small tempest lay on us, all hope that we should be saved was now taken away.

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; Heb. 11:12Heb. 11:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 wherefore also there sprang of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of heaven in multitude, and as the sand, which is by the sea-shore, innumerable.

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), the Greek noun “astron” meant “constellation” or “star.”

This word is associated with Jesus’ discussion about the destruction of Jerusalem in Lk. 21:25Lk. 21:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 And there shall be signs in sun and moon and stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, in perplexity for the roaring of the sea and the billows;

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and the nighttime navigation for sailors in Acts 27:20Acts 27:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 And when neither sun nor stars shone upon us for many days, and no small tempest lay on us, all hope that we should be saved was now taken away.

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. In Heb. 11:12Heb. 11:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 wherefore also there sprang of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of heaven in multitude, and as the sand, which is by the sea-shore, innumerable.

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this noun is similar to God’s promise of Abraham having “descendants like the sand of the seashore.” In Acts 7:43Acts 7:43
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

43 And ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, And the star of the god Rephan, The figures which ye made to worship them: And I will carry you away beyond Babylon.

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this term is associated with false (idolatrous) worship under the Old Testament.

Sep
2014

The Greek word “astrapto”

Found only in Lk. 17:24; 24:4Lk. 17:24; 24:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 for as the lightning, when it lighteneth out of the one part under the heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven; so shall the Son of man be in his day. 4 And it came to pass, while they were perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel:

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and related to the noun “astrape” (lightning or beam of light), the Greek verb “astrapto” meant “dazzling,” “flash,” “sparkling,” “shining.”

Jesus’ next and final coming will be like a flash of lightning (Lk. 17:24Lk. 17:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 for as the lightning, when it lighteneth out of the one part under the heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven; so shall the Son of man be in his day.

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). Angels at the empty tomb had “dazzling” or “shining” apparel (Lk. 24:4Lk. 24:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 And it came to pass, while they were perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel:

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).

Sep
2014

The Greek word “astrape”

Found in Mt. 24:27; 28:3Mt. 24:27; 28:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 For as the lightning cometh forth from the east, and is seen even unto the west; so shall be the coming of the Son of man. 3 His appearance was as lightning, and his raiment white as snow:

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; Lk. 10:18; 11:36; 17:24Lk. 10:18; 11:36; 17:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 And he said unto them, I beheld Satan fallen as lightning from heaven. 36 If therefore thy whole body be full of light, having no part dark, it shall be wholly full of light, as when the lamp with its bright shining doth give thee light. 24 for as the lightning, when it lighteneth out of the one part under the heaven, shineth unto the other part under heaven; so shall the Son of man be in his day.

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; Rev. 4:5; 8:5; 11:19; 16:18Rev. 4:5; 8:5; 11:19; 16:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 And out of the throne proceed lightnings and voices and thunders. And there was seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God; 5 And the angel taketh the censer; and he filled it with the fire of the altar, and cast it upon the earth: and there followed thunders, and voices, and lightnings, and an earthquake. 19 And there was opened the temple of God that is in heaven; and there was seen in his temple the ark of his covenant; and there followed lightnings, and voices, and thunders, and an earthquake, and great hail. 18 and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunders; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since there were men upon the earth, so great an earthquake, so mighty.

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, this Greek noun “astrape” means “‘lightning’, but it is also used of a beam of light” (Brown, 3:1001). “In the OT lightning is God’s weapon and it brilliantly lightens up the world (Ps. 77:18Ps. 77:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 The voice of thy thunder was in the whirlwind; The lightnings lightened the world: The earth trembled and shook.

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), or it may be connected with rain (Jer. 10:13Jer. 10:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 when he uttereth his voice, there is a tumult of waters in the heavens, and he causeth the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth; he maketh lightnings for the rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasuries.

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)” (ibid). In the New Testament this term “is often used as a comparison” (Kittel, Abridged Edition, p. 86).

Sep
2014

The Greek word “astocheo”

Found just three times in the New Testament (1 Tim. 1:6; 6:211 Tim. 1:6; 6:21
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 from which things some having swerved have turned aside unto vain talking; 21 which some professing have erred concerning the faith. Grace be with you.

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; 2 Tim. 2:182 Tim. 2:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 men who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already, and overthrow the faith of some.

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), the Greek verb “astocheo” meant “swerve,” “err,” “to miss in aim.” Things like laziness, selfishness, and even thoughtlessness cause some to “swerve” from what God has commanded.

Sep
2014

The Greek word “astorgos”

Found just twice in the New Testament (Rom. 1:31Rom. 1:31
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

31 without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:

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; 2 Tim. 3:32 Tim. 3:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 without natural affection, implacable, slanderers, without self-control, fierce, no lovers of good,

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), the Greek adjective “astorgos” meant “without natural affection,” “heartless,” “inhuman,” “unloving.” Paul used this term “in vice catalogs” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:174). Examples of without natural affection in ancient times included exposing unwanted infants to the elements and thus death, plus drowning sick and deformed children.

Sep
2014

The Greek word “asteriktos”

Found just twice in the New Testament (2 Pet. 2:14; 3:162 Pet. 2:14; 3:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; enticing unstedfast souls; having a heart exercised in covetousness; children of cursing; 16 as also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; wherein are some things hard to be understood, which the ignorant and unstedfast wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction.

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), the Greek adjective “asteriktos” meant “weak” or “unstable.” Peter used this term to describe people who allow themselves to be enticed into sin by false teachers. Stated another way, this adjective “means ‘unstable’ with reference to not keeping to sound doctrine. False teachers beguile unstable souls” (Kittel, 7:657).

Are we an “unstable” soul?

Sep
2014

The Greek word “aster”

Found most often in the book of Revelation, but also used in Matthew, Mark, First Corinthians and Jude, the Greek noun “aster” meant “star.”

A “star” guided some men to Jesus (Mt. 2:2Mt. 2:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we saw his star in the east, and are come to worship him.

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and compare Mt. 2:7, 9-10Mt. 2:7, 9-10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 Then Herod privily called the Wise-men, and learned of them exactly what time the star appeared. 9 And they, having heard the king, went their way; and lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was. 10 And when they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy.

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where this same word is also used). Paul spoke about the “glory” of “stars” in 1 Cor. 15:411 Cor. 15:41
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differeth from another star in glory.

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. Jude compared apostates to “wandering stars” (Jude 13). The verses in Revelation that contain this term are: Rev. 1:16, 20; 2:1, 28; 3:1; 6:13; 8:10-12; 9:1; 12:1, 4; 22:16Rev. 1:16, 20; 2:1, 28; 3:1; 6:13; 8:10-12; 9:1; 12:1, 4; 22:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth proceeded a sharp two-edged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength. 20 the mystery of the seven stars which thou sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven candlesticks are seven churches. 2 1 To the angel of the church in Ephesus write: These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, he that walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks: 28 and I will give him the morning star. 3 1 And to the angel of the church in Sardis write: These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars: I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and thou art dead. 13 and the stars of the heaven fell unto the earth, as a fig tree casteth her unripe figs when she is shaken of a great wind. 10 And the third angel sounded, and there fell from heaven a great star, burning as a torch, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of the waters; 11 and the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter. 12 And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; that the third part of them should be darkened, and the day should not shine for the third part of it, and the night in like manner. 9 1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from heaven fallen unto the earth: and there was given to him the key of the pit of the abyss. 12 1 And a great sign was seen in heaven: a woman arrayed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars; 4 And his tail draweth the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon standeth before the woman that is about to be delivered, that when she is delivered he may devour her child. 16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things for the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright, the morning star.

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Sep
2014

The Greek word “asteios”

Found just twice in the New Testament (Acts 7:20Acts 7:20
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 At which season Moses was born, and was exceeding fair; and he was nourished three months in his father's house.

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; Heb. 11:23Heb. 11:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw he was a goodly child; and they were not afraid of the king's commandment.

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), the Greek adjective “asteios” meant “beautiful,” “elegant,” “exceeding fair.”

Each passage that contains this adjective describes Moses. This man of God was “pleasing to God” (Acts 7:30Acts 7:30
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

30 And when forty years were fulfilled, an angel appeared to him in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in a flame of fire in a bush.

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) and a “beautiful” child (Heb. 11:23Heb. 11:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw he was a goodly child; and they were not afraid of the king's commandment.

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).

Aug
2014

The Greek verb astateo

*******This will be the final post Until 9/2/14.  Thank you*******

 

Found just once in the New Testament (1 Cor. 4:111 Cor. 4:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 Even unto this present hour we both hunger, and thirst, and are naked, and are buffeted, and have no certain dwelling-place;

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), the Greek verb “astateo” meant “unsettled” or “have no fixed home.”  Paul noted how servants like the apostles “had no certain dwelling place.”  The Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament (1:173) described this word “as an unsettled manner of life.”  Some modern translations render this verb “homeless.”