Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphobos”

This will be the last study till 2/10

Found just four times in the New Testament (Lk. 1:74Lk. 1:74
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

74 To grant unto us that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies Should serve him without fear,

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; 1 Cor. 16:101 Cor. 16:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Now if Timothy come, see that he be with you without fear; for he worketh the work of the Lord, as I also do:

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; Phi. 1:14hi. 1:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 that there came a messenger unto Job, and said, The oxen were plowing, and the asses feeding beside them;

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; Jude 12), the Greek adverb “aphobos” meant “without fear,” “fearlessly,” “boldly,” “without shyness.”
The prayer by Zacharias speaks about the ability to serve God “without fear” due to Jesus (Lk. 1:74Lk. 1:74
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

74 To grant unto us that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies Should serve him without fear,

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). Paul wanted Christians to receive Timothy in such a way where this younger preacher was “without fear” (1 Cor. 16:101 Cor. 16:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 Now if Timothy come, see that he be with you without fear; for he worketh the work of the Lord, as I also do:

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). In Phil. 1:14Phil. 1:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 and that most of the brethren in the Lord, being confident through my bonds, are more abundantly bold to speak the word of God without fear.

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this adverb describes speaking out about Jesus and the gospel “without fear.” Jude (verse 12) used this term to describe people who spoke boldly while lacking reverence.

Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphno”

Found just three times in the New Testament (Acts 2:2; 16:26; 28:6Acts 2:2; 16:26; 28:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound as of the rushing of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 26 and suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison-house were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed. 6 But they expected that he would have swollen, or fallen down dead suddenly: but when they were long in expectation and beheld nothing amiss came to him, they changed their minds, and said that he was a god.

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), the Greek adverb “aphno” meant “suddenly,” “immediately,” “on the spot,” “unawares.”

On the Day of Pentecost a sound like the rushing of a mighty wind appeared “suddenly” (Acts 2:2Acts 2:2
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound as of the rushing of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.

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). The earthquake at Philippi also happened “suddenly” (Acts 16:26Acts 16:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 and suddenly there was a great earthquake, so that the foundations of the prison-house were shaken: and immediately all the doors were opened, and every one's bands were loosed.

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). After Paul was bitten by a deadly snake, people living on the island of Malta thought he would “suddenly” die (Acts 28:6Acts 28:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 But they expected that he would have swollen, or fallen down dead suddenly: but when they were long in expectation and beheld nothing amiss came to him, they changed their minds, and said that he was a god.

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).

Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphistemi”

Found mainly in Luke and Acts, but also used in 2 Cor. 12:8; 12 Cor. 12:8; 1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 Concerning this thing I besought the Lord thrice, that it might depart from me. The Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians 1 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints that are in the whole of Achaia: 2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. 3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort; 4 who comforteth us in all our affliction, that we may be able to comfort them that are in any affliction, through the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God. 5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound unto us, even so our comfort also aboundeth through Christ. 6 But whether we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; or whether we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which worketh in the patient enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: 7 and our hope for you is stedfast; knowing that, as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so also are ye of the comfort. 8 For we would not have you ignorant, brethren, concerning our affliction which befell us in Asia, that we were weighed down exceedingly, beyond our power, insomuch that we despaired even of life: 9 yea, we ourselves have had the sentence of death within ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God who raiseth the dead: 10 who delivered us out of so great a death, and will deliver: on whom we have set our hope that he will also still deliver us; 11 ye also helping together on our behalf by your supplication; that, for the gift bestowed upon us by means of many, thanks may be given by many persons on our behalf. 12 For our glorifying is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in holiness and sincerity of God, not in fleshly wisdom but in the grace of God, we behaved ourselves in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward. 13 For we write no other things unto you, than what ye read or even acknowledge, and I hope ye will acknowledge unto the end: 14 as also ye did acknowledge us in part, that we are your glorying, even as ye also are ours, in the day of our Lord Jesus. 15 And in this confidence I was minded to come first unto you, that ye might have a second benefit; 16 and by you to pass into Macedonia, and again from Macedonia to come unto you, and of you to be set forward on my journey unto Judaea. 17 When I therefore was thus minded, did I show fickleness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there should be the yea yea and the nay nay? 18 But as God is faithful, our word toward you is not yea and nay. 19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timothy, was not yea and nay, but in him is yea. 20 For how many soever be the promises of God, in him is the yea: wherefore also through him is the Amen, unto the glory of God through us. 21 Now he that establisheth us with you in Christ, and anointed us, is God; 22 who also sealed us, and gave us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts. 23 But I call God for a witness upon my soul, that to spare you I forbare to come unto Corinth. 24 Not that we have lordship over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for in faith ye stand fast.

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Tim. 4:1; 2 Tim. 2:192 Tim. 2:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 Howbeit the firm foundation of God standeth, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his: and, Let every one that nameth the name of the Lord depart from unrighteousness.

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; Heb. 3:12Heb. 3:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 Take heed, brethren, lest haply there shall be in any one of you an evil heart of unbelief, in falling away from the living God:

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, the Greek verb “aphistemi” meant “depart,” “mislead,” “fall away,” “abstain from,” “cause to revolt.”

Anna “departed not” from the temple (Lk. 2:37Lk. 2:37
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

37 and she had been a widow even unto fourscore and four years), who departed not from the temple, worshipping with fastings and supplications night and day.

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). Satan “departed” from Jesus for a season (Lk. 4:13Lk. 4:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And when the devil had completed every temptation, he departed from him for a season.

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). It possible for a Christian to “fall away” (Lk. 8:13Lk. 8:13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

13 And those on the rock are they who, when they have heard, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, who for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.

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). At the end of time Jesus will tell the unsaved to “depart” from Him (Lk. 13:27Lk. 13:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 and he shall say, I tell you, I know not whence ye are; depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity.

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). An angel “departed” from Peter (Acts 12:10Acts 12:10
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

10 And when they were past the first and the second guard, they came unto the iron gate that leadeth into the city; which opened to them of its own accord: and they went out, and passed on through one street; and straightway the angel departed from him.

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. Paul said a time would come when people would “depart” from the faith (1 Tim. 4:11 Tim. 4:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 1 But the Spirit saith expressly, that in later times some shall fall away from the faith, giving heed to seducing spirits and doctrines of demons,

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). Those who claim to be Christians need to “depart” from iniquity (2 Tim. 2:192 Tim. 2:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 Howbeit the firm foundation of God standeth, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his: and, Let every one that nameth the name of the Lord depart from unrighteousness.

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). According to Heb. 3:12Heb. 3:12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

12 Take heed, brethren, lest haply there shall be in any one of you an evil heart of unbelief, in falling away from the living God:

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, the last place this term occurs in the New Testament, it is possible to “fall away” (depart) from the living God.

Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphixis”

Found just once in the New Testament (Acts 20:29Acts 20:29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

29 I know that after my departing grievous wolves shall enter in among you, not sparing the flock;

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), the Greek noun “aphixis” meant “departure.”

Paul reminded the elders at Ephesus of how after his “departing” false teachers would arise from inside this local congregation (Acts 20:30Acts 20:30
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

30 and from among your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away the disciples after them.

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).

Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphilarguros”

Found just twice in the New Testament (1 Tim. 3:31 Tim. 3:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 no brawler, no striker; but gentle, not contentious, no lover of money;

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; Heb. 13:5Heb. 13:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 Be ye free from the love of money; content with such things as ye have: for himself hath said, I will in no wise fail thee, neither will I in any wise forsake thee.

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), the Greek adjective “aphilarguros” meant “not covetous” or “not loving money.”

An elder, which is the same as a bishop, presbyter, overseer, pastor and shepherd in the New Testament, is to be “free from the love of money” (1 Tim. 3:31 Tim. 3:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 no brawler, no striker; but gentle, not contentious, no lover of money;

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). In Heb. 13:5Heb. 13:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 Be ye free from the love of money; content with such things as ye have: for himself hath said, I will in no wise fail thee, neither will I in any wise forsake thee.

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this word is applied to all the saved.

Those who “love money” should not plan on spending eternity with God.

Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphilagathos”

Found just once in the New Testament (2 Tim. 3:32 Tim. 3:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 without natural affection, implacable, slanderers, without self-control, fierce, no lovers of good,

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), the Greek adjective “aphilagathos” described someone who refused to love what was good. Paul associated this type of person with the “last days.”

Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphikneomai”

Found just once in the New Testament (Rom. 16:19Rom. 16:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I rejoice therefore over you: but I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple unto that which is evil.

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), the Greek verb “aphikneomai” meant “arrive at” or “reach.” Paul said the obedience of the saints in Rome had “reached” (become known) to “all men.”

Is our obedience to God so complete that “all” know about it?

Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphiemi”

Found most often in Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, and used more than 140 times in the New Testament, the Greek verb “aphiemi” meant “‘to let go,’ ‘to leave’ (Mk. 1:20; 10:28-29Mk. 1:20; 10:28-29
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

20 And straightway he called them: and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired servants, and went after him. 28 Peter began to say unto him, Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee. 29 Jesus said, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or mother, or father, or children, or lands, for my sake, and for the gospel's sake,

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; Jn. 4:3; 16:28Jn. 4:3; 16:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 he left Judea, and departed again into Galilee. 28 I came out from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go unto the Father.

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; 1 Cor. 7:111 Cor. 7:11
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

11 ; and that the husband leave not his wife.

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ff; Rom. 1:27Rom. 1:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 and likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another, men with men working unseemliness, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was due.

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; Rev. 2:4Rev. 2:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 But I have this against thee, that thou didst leave thy first love.

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), or ‘to leave behind’ (Mk. 1:18Mk. 1:18
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

18 And straightway they left the nets, and followed him.

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; Mt. 5:24Mt. 5:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy way, first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift.

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; Jn. 4:28Jn. 4:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

28 So the woman left her waterpot, and went away into the city, and saith to the people,

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; Heb. 6:1Heb. 6:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 1 Wherefore leaving the doctrine of the first principles of Christ, let us press on unto perfection; not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works, and of faith toward God,

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), or ‘to let alone’ (Mk. 11:6; 14:6Mk. 11:6; 14:6
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

6 And they said unto them even as Jesus had said: and they let them go. 6 But Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me.

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; Mt. 3:15Mt. 3:15
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

15 But Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffereth him.

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; Lk. 13:8Lk. 13:8
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 And he answering saith unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it:

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; Jn. 11:48Jn. 11:48
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

48 If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans will come and take away both our place and our nation.

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; Acts 14:17Acts 14:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 And yet He left not himself without witness, in that he did good and gave you from heaven rains and fruitful seasons, filling your hearts with food and gladness.

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), or ‘to allow’ (Mk. 1:34; 5:19Mk. 1:34; 5:19
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

34 And he healed many that were sick with divers diseases, and cast out many demons; and he suffered not the demons to speak, because they knew him. 19 And he suffered him not, but saith unto him, Go to thy house unto thy friends, and tell them how great things the Lord hath done for thee, and how he had mercy on thee.

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; cf. the formula in Mk. 7:27Mk. 7:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 And he said unto her, Let the children first be filled: for it is not meet to take the children's bread and cast it to the dogs.

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; Mt. 3:14; 7:4Mt. 3:14; 7:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 But John would have hindered him, saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me? 4 Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me cast out the mote out of thine eye; and lo, the beam is in thine own eye?

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)” (Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, Abridged Edition, p. 88).

This verb “can also mean ‘to remit,’ ‘to forgive’ in a secular (Mt. 18:27Mt. 18:27
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 And the lord of that servant, being moved with compassion, released him, and forgave him the debt.

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) or more often religious sense, e.g., sins (Mk. 2:5Mk. 2:5
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

5 And Jesus seeing their faith saith unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins are forgiven.

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ff), trespasses (Mt. 6:14Mt. 6:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you.

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), iniquities (Rom. 4:7Rom. 4:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7  saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, And whose sins are covered.

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), and the intent of the heart (Acts 8:22Acts 8:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 Repent therefore of this thy wickedness, and pray the Lord, if perhaps the thought of thy heart shall be forgiven thee.

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). The noun áphesis almost always means ‘forgiveness,’ usually of sins (Mk. 1:4Mk. 1:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 John came, who baptized in the wilderness and preached the baptism of repentance unto remission of sins.

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; Mt. 26:28Mt. 26:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

28 for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many unto remission of sins.

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; Acts 2:38; 5:31; 10:43Acts 2:38; 5:31; 10:43
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

38 And Peter said unto them, Repent ye, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ unto the remission of your sins; and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 31 Him did God exalt with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, to give repentance to Israel, and remission of sins. 43 To him bear all the prophets witness, that through his name every one that believeth on him shall receive remission of sins.

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; Col. 1:14Col. 1:14
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

14 in whom we have our redemption, the forgiveness of our sins:

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), but of trespasses in Eph. 1:7Eph. 1:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 in whom we have our redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace,

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.

Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphthoria”

Found just once in the New Testament (Tit. 2:7Tit. 2:7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

7 in all things showing thyself an ensample of good works; in thy doctrine showing uncorruptness, gravity,

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) and not used in all our Greek manuscripts, the Greek noun “aphthoria” meant “purity,” “soundness,” “incorruption.”

Titus was “instructed to show himself to the young men as a model of ‘soundness’ (RSV ‘integrity’) in teaching” (Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament, 1:181).

Jan
2015

The Greek word “aphthartos”

Found only in Rom. 1:23Rom. 1:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.

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; 1 Cor. 9:25; 15:521 Cor. 9:25; 15:52
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 And every man that striveth in the games exerciseth self-control in all things. Now they do it to receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible. 52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

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; 1 Tim. 1:17; 11 Tim. 1:17; 1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen. The First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy 1 1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus according to the commandment of God our Saviour, and Christ Jesus our hope; 2 unto Timothy, my true child in faith: Grace, mercy, peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord. 3 As I exhorted thee to tarry at Ephesus, when I was going into Macedonia, that thou mightest charge certain men not to teach a different doctrine, 4 neither to give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questionings, rather than a dispensation of God which is in faith; so do I now. 5 But the end of the charge is love out of a pure heart and a good conscience and faith unfeigned: 6 from which things some having swerved have turned aside unto vain talking; 7 desiring to be teachers of the law, though they understand neither what they say, nor whereof they confidently affirm. 8 But we know that the law is good, if a man use it lawfully, 9 as knowing this, that law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and unruly, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, 10 for fornicators, for abusers of themselves with men, for menstealers, for liars, for false swearers, and if there be any other thing contrary to the sound doctrine; 11 according to the gospel of the glory of the blessed God, which was committed to my trust. 12 I thank him that enabled me, even Christ Jesus our Lord, for that he counted me faithful, appointing me to his service; 13 though I was before a blasphemer, and a persecutor, and injurious: howbeit I obtained mercy, because I did it ignorantly in unbelief; 14 and the grace of our Lord abounded exceedingly with faith and love which is in Christ Jesus. 15 Faithful is the saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief: 16 howbeit for this cause I obtained mercy, that in me as chief might Jesus Christ show forth all his longsuffering, for an ensample of them that should thereafter believe on him unto eternal life. 17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen. 18 This charge I commit unto thee, my child Timothy, according to the prophecies which led the way to thee, that by them thou mayest war the good warfare; 19 holding faith and a good conscience; which some having thrust from them made shipwreck concerning the faith: 20 of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander; whom I delivered unto Satan, that they might be taught not to blaspheme.

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Pet. 1:4, 23; 3:4, the Greek adjective “aphthartos” meant “incorruptible” or “imperishable.”

In Rom. 1:23Rom. 1:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.

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and 1 Tim. 1:171 Tim. 1:17
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only God, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.

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this word is applied to God. When the dead are raised at the end of time they will no longer be subject to things like decay or destruction (1 Cor. 15:521 Cor. 15:52
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.

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). The crown received by the righteous will also be free from any kind of decay or corruption (1 Cor. 9:251 Cor. 9:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 And every man that striveth in the games exerciseth self-control in all things. Now they do it to receive a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.

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). Such will also be true for the “inheritance” received by the saved (1 Pet. 1:41 Pet. 1:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 unto an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,

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). In 1 Pet. 1:231 Pet. 1:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 having been begotten again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, through the word of God, which liveth and abideth.

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this word is applied to God’s word, and in 1 Pet. 3:41 Pet. 3:4
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 but let it be the hidden man of the heart, in the incorruptible apparel of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price.

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this adjective is associated with a woman’s inner beauty which is highly valued by God.