Feb
2013

The Greek word aner

Found numerous times in the New Testament and used in every book but Philippians, First and Second Thessalonians, Second Timothy, Philemon, Hebrews, Second Peter, and First-Third John, the Greek noun “aner” described males.  In some places this term has the added sense of a husband or bridegroom.

Joseph is identified as the “husband” of Mary (Mt. 1:16Mt. 1:16
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

16 and Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

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).  Jesus spoke of a “wise man” (Mt. 7:24Mt. 7:24
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

24 Every one therefore that heareth these words of mine, and doeth them, shall be likened unto a wise man, who built his house upon the rock:

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) as well as a “foolish man” (Mt. 7:26Mt. 7:26
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

26 And every one that heareth these words of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, who built his house upon the sand:

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).  Seven “men” (males) were selected to fill the need described in Acts 6:3Acts 6:3
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 Look ye out therefore, brethren, from among you seven men of good report, full of the Spirit and of wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business.

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.  Paul addressed the “men” of Athens (Acts 17:22Acts 17:22
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

22 And Paul stood in the midst of the Areopagus, and said, Ye men of Athens, in all things, I perceive that ye are very religious.

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).  Men (males) are not to have covered heads (1 Cor. 11:4, 71 Cor. 11:4, 7
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

4 Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoreth his head. 7 For a man indeed ought not to have his head veiled, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man.

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).  Rather than have ladies take on a worship role in mixed assemblies, men (males) are to do things like preach and pray (1 Tim. 2:8, 121 Tim. 2:8, 12
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 I desire therefore that the men pray in every place, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and disputing. 12 But I permit not a woman to teach, nor to have dominion over a man, but to be in quietness.

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).  Paul confirmed this point in 1 Cor. 14:351 Cor. 14:35
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

35 And if they would learn anything, let them ask their own husbands at home: for it is shameful for a woman to speak in the church.

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, a place where aner is also used. A male is to be the “husband of his wife” (Eph. 5:23Eph. 5:23
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

23 For the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ also is the head of the church, being himself the saviour of the body.

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).  “Husbands” are to love their wives (Eph. 5:25Eph. 5:25
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself up for it;

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).  Wives are to be in subjection to their “husbands” (1 Pet. 3:11 Pet. 3:1
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

3 1 In like manner, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands; that, even if any obey not the word, they may without the word be gained by the behavior of their wives;

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).