Apr
2013

The Greek word antilempsis

Found only in 1 Cor. 12:281 Cor. 12:28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondly prophets, thirdly teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, divers kinds of tongues.

WP-Bible plugin
, the Greek noun “antilempsis” means “help.”

As discussed in this author’s commentary on 1 Cor. 12:27-281 Cor. 12:27-28
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

27 Now ye are the body of Christ, and severally members thereof. 28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondly prophets, thirdly teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, divers kinds of tongues.

WP-Bible plugin
, this noun may refer to people who have physical and or spiritual resources not possessed by others.  Others think this noun refers to deacons (1 Tim. 3:8-131 Tim. 3:8-13
English: American Standard Version (1901) - ASV

8 Deacons in like manner must be grave, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; 9 holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. 10 And let these also first be proved; then let them serve as deacons, if they be blameless. 11 Women in like manner must be grave, not slanderers, temperate, faithful in all things. 12 Let deacons be husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. 13 For they that have served well as deacons gain to themselves a good standing, and great boldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.

WP-Bible plugin
) because these men are “helpers” in local congregations.   Because this word is plural, the Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament (1:110) says antilempsis “refers to the more specialized organizational work in the Church.”  Additional support for viewing this word as a reference to deacons is suggested by the next word—governments.